Joan, a mother of two, related to me her ordeal of a temper tantrum with three-year-old, Robbie.
"It started with such a silly thing. We had told Robbie he couldn't go with his dad to the store after lunch. Robbie spent the next forty-five minutes screaming and crying. Bob finally had enough and said Robbie could go. Bob felt guilty that Robbie had spent all this time upset, when it was supposed to be 'quality' Dad time. But I think Bob shouldn't have given in to Robbie's tantrum."
"I can see how Bob was feeling," I responded. "But Bob violated the Tommy Lee Jones rule."
"What rule is that?"
"It's from a movie, US Marshals, where Tommy Lee Jones' character states, 'I don't negotiate with terrorists.' It works with children, too."
"If Robbie takes you 'hostage' with a tantrum, you can't give in to his demands," I continued. "If you do, Robbie will learn that a tantrum works, and next time he'll be prepared to go a little longer to get his way. A forty-five minute tantrum tells me that this is not the first one."
"You're right," Joan blushed. "Robbie's so different than our easygoing six-year-old. How can we help Robbie?"
Tantrums usually begin before a child is fully verbal. We, as parents, in all fairness, try to meet our children's needs.
Inadvertently we allow tantrums to grow by reinforcing the child's belief that a tantrum is an effective communication tool. When we give in to a tantrum, the child has found a powerful way to get what he wants.
"It's not going to be pleasant to help Robbie stop his tantrums. First you must remember the Tommy Lee Jones Rule and be prepared to ride it out. You must be firm, yet kind."
"Talk with Robbie, and tell him something like this: 'My job is to help you learn how to be happy. When you scream and cry I know I have to help you. When you get upset, I'll ask you to use your words to tell me how you feel. If you can't do that, I'll ask you to go to your room until you can talk to me. If you don't go to your room, I'll walk you in. Do you understand? I love you and want you to learn to be happy.'"
"If Robbie starts to throw a tantrum, kindly remind him about your talk. Remind him to use his words. If Robbie can't calm down, ask him to go to his room until he can talk to you. If he refuses, carry him in, and kindly tell him that he may leave when he feels like talking. Say something like, 'I love you, but you need to learn how deal with your tantrums.'"
"Sometimes, a child will learn that tantrums aren't going to work anymore on the first 'test' of the rule. For others it takes a few times. Remember, don't be held hostage."
Joan and Bob were successful at communicating to Robbie about their expectations for his behavior, and they didn't negotiate. Robbie's tantrums ended.
If tantrums continue, keep a written record of when and why they occur. A pattern should appear according to time, place and situation. Tiredness, hunger, a parent being gone or over stimulation may be "trigger" factors that will become evident.
Tantrums can become a learned behavior to control others.
Unfortunately, we all know adults who use tantrums to get their way. As a friend of mine says, "It's not pretty." Perhaps imagining our child in a tantrum at age thirty may help us have that right amount of firmness, kindness and courage.
Next week: Understanding Your Child's Artwork
About Kids Talk™
Kids Talk™ is an award-winning newspaper column dealing with early childhood development issues written by Maren Stark Schmidt. Mrs. Schmidt founded a Montessori school and holds a Masters of Education from Loyola College in Maryland. She has over 25 years experience working with young children and holds teaching credentials from the Association Montessori Internationale. Contact her via e-mail at email@example.com. Read column archives at www.KidsTalkNews.com.
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About Maren SchmidtMaren Schmidt founded a Montessori school and holds a Masters of Education from Loyola College in Maryland.
She has over 25 years experience working with children and holds teaching credentials from the Association Montessori Internationale. Mrs. Schmidt founded a Montessori school and holds a Masters of Education from Loyola College in Maryland. She is author of Building Cathedrals Not Walls: Essays for Parents and Teachers as well as Understanding Montessori: A Guide for Parents.
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